When one of these models also includes data on how the process (or thing) works and develops over time, it is a digital twin. For example, a digital twin of a smart building would include real-time environmental and operational data on energy use, temperature, humidity, occupancy, security incidents, maintenance needs, external weather patterns and more.
Cities around the world are facing enormous challenges as urbanization accelerates. Cities already consume the majority of the world’s energy, water and food, while producing most of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and waste. And, with over 90% of the world’s urban areas located near coastlines, cities are also vulnerable to climate change hazards such as hurricanes, storms and rising sea levels.i
The promise of smart cities has been captivating the technology industry for more than a decade. The idea is simple – embed smart technology everywhere to make your city better and your citizens healthier, safer and more prosperous. While adoption has been slower in some regions, that has not been the case in Asia-Pacific (APAC).
The confluence of various technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), 5G networks, blockchain and billions of internet of things (IoT) devices is creating the perfect storm that can totally change the daily lives of people all over the world. Many of these technologies are being packaged together into applications that focus on different areas of daily life such as home, work, healthcare and more. “Smart city” is the umbrella term that’s often used to describe a set of applications that focus on ways to make our cities safer, more environmentally friendly and sustainable, and more efficient with respect to transportation. But what is a smart city?